Framework apps can have multiple pages, with parametrised routes. Pages can be switched from the front-end or the back-end.

Basic navigation

To enable navigation between Page components, they must have a key assigned. This can be set up from the component’s settings. Once a key is set up, the page will be accessible at /#my_page_key.

Frontend-triggered page changes

For basic page changes, assign a “Go to page” action to an event handler. For example, if you want to change to page my_page_key when a Button is clicked, go to the button’s settings and under the click event select Go to page "my_page_key".

Backend-triggered page changes

Trigger a page change from the back-end using the set_page method of state.

# This event handler sends the user to a different page
# depending on time of the day
def handle_click(state):
    from datetime import datetime

    now =
    if now.hour >= 18:

Routes with parameters

You may want to share a URL that links directly to a specific resource within your app. For example, to a specific location or product.

You can do so by specifying parameters in the URL, known as route vars. Framework URLs contain the page key, followed by the route vars and their values. For example, /#detailPage/product_id=32&country=AR.

Adding vars to the URL from the back-end

You can set up variables that are displayed in the URL by passing a dictionary to the set_route_vars state method. Use None to clear specific keys.

# The following code will set the value of product_id
# to the value of the "product" state element
def change_route_vars(state):
        "product_id": state["product"]

Retrieving the values

Framework uses the hash portion of the URL to store page and variable data, so even when switching pages or changing variables, the page doesn’t reload. To monitor changes to the active URL, set up an event handler for wf-hashchange in the Root component.

# The following event handler reads the product_id route var,
# then assigns its value to the "product" state element.
def handle_hash_change(state, payload):
    route_vars = payload.get("route_vars")
    if not route_vars:
    state["product"] = route_vars.get("product_id")